Gender and Entrepreneurial Performance in Democratic Republic of Congo

Published: December 2012

This document presents a study which aims to evaluate the influence of gender on the entrepreneurial performance in Democratic Republic of Congo. Data from a survey conducted in May-June 2012 to SMEs completed by data from the 2006 and 2010 World Bank's Enterprise Surveys are used.

Key Findings

  • Female managed and/or owned firms are less effective in terms of number of employees than their male counterparts. But relatively to male entrepreneurs, female entrepreneurship influences positively the performance of firm in terms of growth of annual sales.
  • Female Top Manager influences the growth of annual sales at 1% significant level. The predicted value of the growth rate of annual sales is 35.05% for female managed firms against 17.00% for male managed firms.
  • Female entrepreneurs are more effective in terms of growth of annual sales than male entrepreneurs.
  • Female managed firms tend to have fewer employees in comparison with male managed firms.
  • The main characteristics which cause the difference in firm performance between male and female entrepreneurs are the access to credit, the investment and the human capital.
  • It is requisite for the government to implement a policy of equal opportunity between female and male entrepreneurs in order to develop entrepreneurship and ameliorate the business environment. So, women will be able to start and run their own business without gender constraints.
  • It is opportune for female entrepreneurs to invest in human capital of their employees by the initiation of training which can compensate the lack of experience in business management.

Populations Men, Women

Industries Business

Publishers International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Trust Africa

Geographic Focus Africa (Central)-Democratic Republic of Congo

Funded by Investment Climate and Business Environment Research Fund