How Can Aid Be Gender Responsive in the Context of the New Aid Modalities? Lessons From Gender Responsive Budgeting Initiatives

Published: December 2008

This document presents the principles of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (PD)
(2005) demonstrate a global
commitment to reform aid management
modalities, and improve the quality of
aid so that it contributes to the achievement
of collectively agreed development
goals, such as the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs). In this
context, gender equality advocates,
human rights activists, and environmental
groups have demanded increased
action to ensure that aid reform translates
into rights-based, sustainable, and
equitable development.

Key Findings

  • The principles of the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (PD) (2005) that were endorsed by over 140 development partners and international and civil society organizations are national ownership, harmonization, alignment, managing for results, and mutual accountability.
  • To carry out this reform effectively, donors and national governments have committed to introduce mechanisms that facilitate the implementation of the PD principles. In doing so, they have committed to:investing in capacity that generates relevant skills and strengthens the required national systems and organizational mechanisms for country-led planning and budgeting; establishing joint coordination mechanisms for planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation using country systems; and supporting inclusive processes for planning, budgeting, monitoring and evaluation.
  • The adoption of the above PD measures will lead to a qualitative change not only in the progress towards the identified targets of the Declaration, but also in the visible contribution of resources channelled through ODA towards the achievement of better development results.
  • In principle, Gender Responsive Budgeting (GRB) approaches are applicable to aid as well as to domestic resources.
  • The integration of gender into national planning, budgeting, and M&E systems and instruments can enhance aid channelled in the form of GBS and sector budget support (SBS).
  • GRB approaches examine government policies, processes, plans, and monitoring indicators that determine budget priorities and shape allocations to finance efforts that promote women's rights and gender equality.
  • In developing stronger links between budget allocations and expenditures and demands for the achievement of gender equality objectives, GRB efforts have engaged in mainstreaming gender into broader Public Finance Management Systems (PFMS)
  • GRB work has made the following contributions: invested in building capacities on planning and budgeting, especially in the context of budget reform; introduced policy changes and developed operational frameworks to mainstream gender into budgeting systems; advocated for planning and budgeting processes that are more inclusive of gender equality advocates; supported the development of approaches to applying GRB at national, sectoral and local levels both in relation to allocations and spending; and supported gender responsive budget monitoring initiatives by civil society, for instance to conduct sex-disaggregated benefit incidence analysis.

Populations Women

Complementary Outcomes Food And Nutrition Security, Women's Rights

Industries Agriculture/Food Processing

Publishers UN Women

Geographic Focus Africa (Central) / Rwanda, Africa (Eastern) / Ethiopia, Africa (Eastern) / Tanzania, Africa (Eastern) / Uganda, Africa (Northern) / Morocco, Africa (Southeastern) / Mozambique, Africa (Western) / Cameroon, Asia (Southeastern) / India, Asia (Southern) / Nepal, South America (Northwestern) / Peru

Funded by United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM)