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Qualitative Assessment of the Effectiveness of a Gender Transformative Programming on Changing Gender and Social Norms and Women’s Empowerment
The "Win-Win for Gender, Agriculture and Nutrition: Testing a Gender-Transformative Approach from Asia in Africa" is a project aimed at establishing a comparison between a gender-transformative model to achieve gender equality (the "EKATA" model), and a gender-mainstreamed approach in the agriculture sector ("Gender-Light model"), in which basic activities around gender are integrated into a program whose principle focus and measures of success are women's economic empowerment through agriculture and micro-enterprise development.
The qualitative research is using in-depth interviews and Focus Group Discussions(FGDs) of a subset of women and their spouses who are participating in the program. For the in-depth interviews, 30 people (22 women and their spouses) were selected and are followed every year to document different pathways to empowerment. They were randomly selected from a strata of all women interviewed at baseline to reflect different social economic and marital status. On the other hand, 106 people (45 men and 61 women) participated in a total of ten FGDs.
Data was collected on gender division of labour, decision making in the household, control over income, ownership of assets, nutrition, production, general life satisfaction, empowerment, autonomy, leadership and collective action, couple conflict and gender based violence and men's care giving practices.